As you can see in the above graphic, the American Medical Association (AMA) formed in the early 1900s at a time when our country didn’t have health insurance. The AMA lobbied against health insurance several times throughout the 1900s to protect their interests since they feared that “socialized medicine” would be detrimental to doctors. Several presidents tried to push healthcare insurance legislation or universal healthcare legislation through but were thwarted for one reason or another. During the second World War, wage controls were placed on employers and so they started providing health benefits as a way to compete for workers (and this paradigm has persisted to the present). Years later in 1965, Johnson would create Medicare and Medicaid. Medicare is a federal health insurance program typically for people age 65 or older. It’s an “entitlement benefit” similar to Social Security in that most citizens earn the right to enroll in it after paying taxes for a minimum required period. Medicaid is similar but targeted towards families and individuals with low income and limited resources.